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Texas A&M University, Libraries, Cushing Memorial Library & Archives
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Slavery and Emancipation Documents

  • US TxAM-C C000006
  • Collection
  • 1737-1875

This collection contains 58 items are related to slavery or emancipation in the states of Florida, Georgia, Mississippi, Missouri, Pennsylvania, Kentucky, and Texas and the countries of Cuba, the Caribbean, Jamaica, and Paris, France.

The descriptive write-up provided by Respess and William Reese, Company is used in the listing of documents. Each document purchased has a title, date, and some have an abbreviated transcription of the text.

The Texas document recounts the hiring, auctions, renting, and transferring ownership of slaves. The Missouri documents concern the purchase and transferring of ownership of slaves named Nancy, George, Phebe, Washington, Lucinda, Madison, Benjamin, and Sarah. No last names or additional information is provided except that Nancy is a Mulatto Woman and George is "of the age of seventeen or thereabouts." Of particular note are two documents, a Texas free woman of color filing a complaint regarding an illegal beating by a group of five men one and the other document is from Missouri and details a sale of slaves by a woman, a rarer document than those recording sales by men.

Autograph Letters, Notes and Quotations, and Other Abolitionist Materials

ALS - Autograph Letter Signed
AQS - Autograph Quotation Signed
ANS - Autograph Note Signed

  • Benjamin Bacon. Bacon was an original member of the Anti-Slavery society.

    ALS to autograph seeker C.L. Farrington (Philadelphia, Pennsylvania). October 2, 1873. 1 p.

  • Henry Ward Beecher. Beecher was a social reformer, clergyman, and the brother of Harriet Beecher Stowe.

    Partial ALS, n.p., Undated. 1 p. "It is his way. It does us all good to have someone who piles on the screws - especially when we know at bottom he is most friendly."

  • William Birney. Birney was Union Army general during the Civil War, and was noted for encouraging thousands of free black men to enlist.

    ALS to Lewis Cist (Paris). March 8, 1852. 1 p.

  • Phillips Brooks. Brooks was an Episcopal clergyman and the author of O Little Town of Bethlehem.

    ALS to Mrs. Waters (Boston, Massachusetts). February 3, 1886. 1 p.

  • Blanche K. Bruce. Bruce, the child of plantation owner and his house slave, was the first African-American to serve a full term in the U.S. Senate, representing Mississippi during the Reconstruction era.

    ALS to Harry Hause (Washington, D.C. ), thanking his "host" after a recent visit. November 16, 1886. 2 p.

  • Benjamin Butler. Butler was a Massachusetts politician and Union General.

    ALS to David R. Godwin (Washington, D.C. ). June 12, 1876. 1 p.

  • William Channing

    ALS to Mrs. Chapman (Boston, Massachusetts), apologizing for sending a manuscript he suggests is unworthy of Liberty Bell, the journal of the American Antislavery Society. October 23, 1845. 1 p.

  • David Lee Child. Child was the husband of writer and reformer Lydia Maria Child.

    ALS to J. Bailey, arranging a meeting. n.p., July 17, 1829. 1 p.

  • Thomas Clarkson. Clarkson was one of the most important British abolitionists of the late 18th century.

    ALS to John B. Murray who served as Brigadier General in the Union Army, and later helped establish Memorial Day. (Playford Hall, England), arranging a visit. April 15, 1842. 2 p.

  • Cassius Marcellus Clay

    AQS, "Life, Liberty, and Love". n.p., 1860. 1 p.

  • George H. Cook. Cook was a professor of chemistry at Rutgers University whose geological survey of New Jersey became the predecessor for the U.S. Geological Survey.

    ALS regarding the purchase of a telescope (New Brunswick, New Jersey). August 27, 1863. 2 p.

    ALS (New Brunswick, New Jersey), regarding teaching science to future clergymen. May 3, 1865. 2 p. "I am every day stirred up by their fears lest they should learn something which would render their faith weak or unsound. It is a hard lesson for men to learn that one belongs to the finite the other the infinite…."

  • Daniel De Vinne

    ALS (Rye, New York). April 8, 1850. 2 p.

  • Orville Dewey

    ALS to Elizabeth Arnold (Paris). April 26, 1842. 2 p.

  • G. M. Emerson

    ALS to Joseph Kidder (Boston, Massachusetts). June 27, 1863. 1 p.

  • David Francis

    ALS to Governor Samuel T. Armstrong (Boston, Massachusetts). March 4, 1835. 2 p.

  • William Lloyd Garrison

    Copy of Wendell Phillips letter in Garrison's hand, August 1852. 1 p.

    ALS, responding to an invitation to speak at the New England Woman Suffrage Association. May 10, 1859. 2 p. "Where my hear and heart are in this matter you need no assurance from me, but I dare not, now, give you a positive pledge."

    AQS, "Liberty for each, for all, and for ever!". January 1, 1872.

    Post-mortem examination of Garrison, containing the results of the autopsy and account of the disease leading to his death. 3 p.

  • Joshua R. Giddings

    ALS to anti-slavery politician Charles Sumner, regarding New England delegates to the Peace Convention in Paris. June 8, 1849. 1 p. "Our Free Soil movement is on the advance in this state. Our forces are consolidating, and we are making preparations for the election in October…"

    AQS, n.p., regarding the assassination of Abraham Lincoln. Undated. "When the Representative of a State is struck down the people feel the blow."

    With one additional ALS.

  • Francis Gillette

    Letter sent from Gillette to an unknown woman, seeking her services as a school teacher for a recently built school in Bloomfield, Connecticut. July 25, 1851.

  • Sarah and Angelina Grimke, and Theodore Dwight Weld

    Three Autographs on one page, n.p., Undated (circa the 1870s). RARE

  • R. R. Gurley. Gurley was a Clergyman and the U.S. Commissioner to Liberia.

    ALS (Washington, D.C.). August 24, 1832. 1 p.

  • R. G. Hazard

    ALS to William Pitt Fessenden, July 28, 1864. 2 p.

  • Thomas Wentworth Higginson

    ALS, regarding hymns. July 23, 1908. 2 p.

  • Samuel Gridley Howe

    ALS (Boston, Massachusetts) June 7, circa the 1870s. 1 p.

    Invitation from the Perkins Institution for the Blind, announcing a meeting of the Trustees. Embossed to be read like Braille. Obituary from the Providence Journal included.

    With three additional ALS.

  • William Jackson

  • William Jay

    ALS, thanking an anonymous man for a ticket and discussing introduction for a speaker (Sumner). November 23, 1854. 1 p.

    ALS, discussing lot rentals. (New York). December 19, 1835. 1 p.

  • Oliver Johnson

    Autograph Poem Signed, "The Peace of God", n.p., Undated. 2 p.

    AQS, "God is wrath, even as he is love". (New York). January 8, 1886. 1 p.

    ALS to Rev. William Hayes Ward (Orange, New Jersey) pleading for work. February 2, 1879. 4 p. "I tell you frankly that I am in a dire strait. I have struggled hard for almost three years to get my paper on a paying basis…I look now into the faces of my dear wife and child with anxiety much as I never before experienced…".

    ALS to Thomas Wentworth Higginson (New York), regarding abolitionist Moncure Conway. October 6, 1885. 3 p. "I very much regret my inability to join in person the good company of friends and admirers of Mr. Moncure D. Conway, over which you are called to preside on Friday evening next. I greatly honor him for his high position in the world of thought and am moreover deeply indebted to him for light and inspiration upon many important subjects. In point of fidelity to his convictions and the boldness with which he has uttered them, he has set an example worthy of general imitation. I am glad he has returned to his native land, and I desire to lend my voice to the chorus of welcome that will greet him on the occasion to which I have referred. May his light still increase in brightness, and his hand grow strong for the work before him."

    AQS, "Thanks be to God! Not a slave in all the Land!" (Clifton Springs). September 15, 1889. 1 p.

    ALS to an anonymous Charles, discussing a speech that was sent but was incomplete. 1 p.

    ALS, of payment sent for an article, (New York). December 31, 1866. 1 p.

  • Jean Kina. Kina was a Haitian revolutionary leader and former slave.

    Note Signed, warrant for rations. September 12, 1795. Exceptionally rare autograph.
    Winslow Lewis.

    ALS, request for letter to see someone in London. Envelope addressed to Winslow Lewis. March 1872. 1 p.

    Invitation and ALS, expressing his father's inability to accept an invitation due to being absent from the city. May 7, 1872. 1 p.

  • J. L. Lovejoy

    ALS, Cincinnati, Ohio, October 28, 1839. 1 p.

  • Zachary Macaulay

    ALS, regarding the disposition of an estate. Macaulay was the leader of a Parliamentary effort to end slavery in Britain. October 10, 1823. 4 p.

  • Samuel May

    ALS to H.W. Clarke, regarding Civil War relief efforts. (Syracuse, New York). March 10, 1863. 2 p.

    Copy of a letter from Samuel May, (Syracuse, New York). January 8, 1866. 1 p.

  • James M. McKim

    ALS. 2 p.

  • Edward Joy Morris

    Note signed, regarding a Whig gathering Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, August 18, 1844. 1 p.
    ALS, giving dates of his service in Congress (Washington, D.C.). February 8, 1858. 1 p.

    Letter signed (possibly clerically), thanking an unidentified woman for a likeness of her husband, who gave Morris advice during his time in Liberia. (Philadelphia, Pennsylvania). August 9, 1863. 1 p.

    Letter signed (possibly clerically), mentioning favorable news regarding diplomatic appointments to Liberia. (Philadelphia, Pennsylvania). May 22, 1866. 1 p.

  • Theodore Parker

    ALS to Miss H.E. Horn regarding Goethe (West Roxbury, Massachusetts). October 15, 1846. 3 p.

    Two additional ALS, three ANS, and one cabinet card.

  • William W. Patton

    ALS, answering his sister, who was evidently skeptical of the anti-slavery movement's methods (New York). September 16, 1839. 4 p.
    Transcript: "Dear Sister,
    Dr. Bates a few moments ago handed me your letter & I hasten to reply. And this I do the more readily because I feel confident that a satisfactory answer can be given to your questions. You wish to know, what good all this agitating will do?
    I could first ask what good cause or what great moral reform action ever succeeded without agitation. How did our Savior & the apostles endeavor to propagate the gospel? Was it not by traveling extensively over the known world & promulgating the truth? Was it not by rebuking sin everywhere & under all forms - proclaiming the utter wickedness of the human heart - denouncing idolatry as folly & wickedness & holding up the cross as the only hope of a lost world? They spoke the truth also sternly & made no compromise with wrong. In rebuking the Jews for their treatment of the Savior they said, whom 'ye have take by wicked hands have crucified and slain' 'But ye denied the Holy One & the Just & desired a murder to be granted unto you.' And while the church followed their example, almost miraculous success attended their efforts.
    Again when Papacy threw her mantle of gloom over the church - when a deathlike stupor had seized the disciples of the cross, what aroused them, save the trumpet tones of Luther & his associates, spurning with indignation the idea of Papal supremacy & infallibility. They awoke the plebian & the senator - the peasant & the king - how? By agitation. And the happy results we feel every day.
    Alcohol had slain its thousands - the drunkards hell was fast filling up. We were branded abroad as a nation of drunkards. How is it that such a change as we now see has been wrought? Why is it that one state after another is prohibiting the sale of intoxicating liquor & we stand far in advance of the rest of the world on this subject? It has been accomplished by agitation.
    Nearly one millions of slaves groaned beneath West Indian bondage & the slave traders covered the ocean, sailing under the flags of all civilized nations yet not a voice uttered warning or rebuke; but now how different the sight. The freeman lifts his free arms to heaven & thanks his God & the abolitionists of England the lash is beneath his feet, & the chain rent asunder falls to the ground. And how was this brought to pass. By the agitation of such men as Wilberforce, Clarkson & Sharpe. Years did they agitate, & now God has brought about the result.
    And now, shall we follow the path which Experience points out, or (monstrous anomaly) leave sin to cure itself.
    But permit me to mention of our plans & opinions. First, we believe the slaveholder has a conscience, aye a conscience, slumbering though it may be. This conscience we would address. We would show him that though he may not distinctly be aware of it, yet in reality he is robbing his fellow man - treading under foot precious rights & [curtailing love on many such]. Do you say, that he will not hear & is only enraged; so does the rum seller stop his ears or assail you in his rage when you tell him, he is filling up the drunkards grave, & feeding the fires of the drunkards hell. But in his cooler moments, his conscience will whisper, it is all true. Is it right so to speak to the rum seller & to hope for beneficial results, then is it right thus to address the slaveholder & equally to anticipate the time when Slavery's expiring groan shall scare be heard for the songs of the emancipated.
    Secondly. We believe, if we can convince the slaveholders that free labor is far more profitable to the South than is slave labor, that their self interest will liberate the slaves. To establish this position we have a mass of overwhelming arguments & facts.
    Thirdly. We believe that the South has a sense & a deep sense of honor. What then will she do, when a worlds scorn shall scathe her. When to be a slaveholder shall be as counted a foul spot on a mans character. Lynching & bowie knives will ill contend against the brand of shame. Was not Robinson acquitted of the murder of Helen Jewett & yet he dared not, he could not reside in this city. Why? Because every body believed him quietly & infamy had marked him as her own.
    Fourthly. We believe that the South wishes to live securely. Therefore we point her to a nation of enemies growing up in her midst. We mention her hopeless condition in case of a war & thus wish to show that it is always unsafe to do wrong.
    'Why then do you labor at the North?' Because in several of the so called free states slaves are yet held. Because a burning, withering prejudice is bowing the colored man to the earth, blighting his hopes for time & often for eternity. Because the free colored man is shut out of our schools & our colleges & put in a place of degradation in the courts of God! Because no mechanic will take him for an apprentice & no merchant receives him as a clerk. Because if the colored man was elevated & it was seen that he could hold stations of honor & respectability such a grief of universal condemnation would go forth against slavery as will cause it to vanish from the earth. Because several of the nominally free states permit slaveholders from the South to hold slaves within their bounds for 6 or 9 months, & others lay heavy fines & imprisonment upon those who aid the panting fugitive. Because the North has the majority in Congress & hence the power & obligation to abolish slavery in the District of Columbia, in Florida, also to break up the slave trade between the states, which is the main thing that renders slavery profitable in Delaware, Maryland & Virginia, which being removed these states would be forced to emancipate their slaves. Because the Northern church has palliated this crime & failed to rebuke it, while at the same time it has influence sufficient to cause its members at the South to renounce slavery. (See my last letter about communing with slaveholders) Because in a word, slaveholders as a general thing will never listen to us, as long as so many uphold them at the North.
    But says, the objector, 'I have seen a great deal of quarreling & disturbance arise from so much agitation.' Well, what then. This is not denied, but what does it prove? That it is wrong to continue because incidental disturbances arise? Why then did not Paul stop when he was mobbed wherever he went? Why did Peter & John continue so fanatical, when they were scourged for Christs sake? Did not Christ tell us to expect trouble whenever truth grappled with error. Math. X:34,6. Could we expect a system which is so bored by the civil passions of the heart to be given up without a severe & protracted struggle?
    Such is my answer, given as briefly as possible, to your questions. Had I time, I might sustain my position by many more arguments. But I have tried to be brief. If my answer is not satisfactory to Miss Bonny & others, please as soon as possible specify wherein I have failed. I have not undertaken to show how bad slavery is, inasmuch as I took it for granted that she allowed its wickedness. Therefore my attention has been confined to a general statement of our plan & the reasons for it. May God teach us all right that we may do what is well pleasing to him. For it matters little whether we have mans condemnation or not, so long as the smile your Savior is on us. Mother sends her love. I have had a cold for 4 weeks. The Dr. forbids to sing or speak much. The Plans look quite well & has one pedal to another alongside of it. Last Wednesday I went on to Uncle Mag office & on Saturday brough[t] Ludlow, & Aunt Catharine home. Had a very pleasant time there & got most well of my cold, but was put almost entirely [back by singing & talking yesterday (Sabbath).] Write soon."

    AQS, "He that doeth good is of God; but he that doeth evil hath not seen God" (Chicago, Illinois). February 14, 1877. 1 p.

    With one additional ALS.

  • Wendell Phillips

    AQS, "Count that day lost / Whose low descended sun / Sees at the thy hand / No worthy action done / These lines John Brown taught to each his children." September 1871. 1 p.

    Four additional AQS, two ANS, two ALS, and a Cabinet card.

  • Parker Pillsbury

    ALS (Concord, New Hampshire). September 8, 1896. 2 p. "I joined Mr. Garrison in the tenth year of his warfare, and I hope and think he would say I never deserted him in any of his finest battles on whatever field. And I hope ere long to meet him under other and brighter skies, to renew our conquests upward and onward…"

  • A. M. Powell

    ANS, on Office of the National Anti-Slavery Standard stationary (New York). June 26, 1866. 1 p.

  • F.B. Sanborn

    ANS (Boston, Massachusetts) January 11, 1910. 1 p.

  • Gerrit Smith

    An 1864 Note Signed, three ALS (one mounted on an acidic page from the autograph album), and an 1848 printed speech on land reform. (5 items total)

  • Henry B. Stanton

    ALS, sending a manuscript for publication. October 17, 1844.

    ALS, n.p., Undated. 1 p. "…why would it not be a good plan for some of our New York stump orators to 'change works' with some of yours? Some of your Conscience Whigs can do great good, very great good, in the central & western parts of this state. They would have great influence with the Whigs of this region. In return for them, let some of your Barnburners go there. Their noble enthusiasm would wear off prejudices which you Whigs have to contend, and they might make deep inroads upon Hunkerism in Massachusetts…"

  • Thaddeus Stevens

    ALS, February 17, 1861. 1 p.

  • Alvan Stewart

    ALS, from an early political abolitionist regarding his publication and the legal assault on slavery. June 16, 1845. "I did not receive your letter until Saturday night & I hasten to answer it. The Argument I delivered in eleven hours before the Sup. Court of N. Jersey I think eminently calculated for lawyers [?] & those wise men constructing society courts the muse who[?] and the exponents of the law & Constitution. It covers all the questions under the federal Constitution as well as N. Jersey, I have had lawyers men who were my political enemies order fifty of these. The Argument will be as I understand 45 to 50 compact pages, & are $125.00 at per thousands at the office. In fact it is altogether the most labored production of my life, & covers our entire question, under all aspects, as my adversaries compelled me by their attacks to give a history of & define the Liberty party - its objects, aims, the course of slavery in different ages, demonstrating the declaration of independence a practicality & showing condition of slave states, as compared with free, showing 6 millions ruined, 3 of Black & 3 of poor Southern whites…"

  • P. F. Streeter

    ALS (Baltimore, Maryland). August 22, 1861. 4 p. "This city is quiet, but feelings are bitter, and the secessionists believe 'Old Jeff' [Jefferson Davis] will be here before long. I do not agree with them. Troops are beginning to arrive and encamp on our hills. A great hospital is to be established here. These things will create some activity. As to my own prospects, they are not very bright. I shall lose many secession pupils, and some will not be able to send; but I hope to have some new ones, and enough to justify me in going on."

  • Charles Sumner

    Newspaper clipping discussing a dispute.

    Autograph Manuscript outline of studies in history. 3 p.

    Document Signed, regarding a railroad. February 5, 1845. 1 p.

    Autograph Quotation, "Whether on the gallows high, or in the battle's van, the fittest place for a man to die, is where he dies for man." n.p. Undated.

    Four additional ANS, and one photo with a clipped signature affixed.

  • Lewis Tappan

    ALS, regarding a case before the Presbytery. February 26, 1841. 1 p.

  • George Thompson

    ALS to Oliver Johnson, July 13, 1865, 2 p.
    Clipped signature and AQS "To America!" (Salem, Massachusetts). December 6, 1850. (tipped on the left side onto acidic paper)

  • Francis Todd

    Letter from Todd to an attorney regarding a transaction of $1000 in Newbury Port. June 11, 1842.

  • John Weiss. Unitarian minister

    ALS, to a younger unidentified colleague (New York). November 21, 1852. 4 p. "My Dear Friend,
    I have been trying very hard to think that I can come to Washington, for I should like to do it. But I am forced to decline it, for a variety of reasons which press upon me. Rev. Bowen will have left us, and no one will take his place at present: so that the entire responsibility of study will come upon me. If I preach at all away from home, it will be for Rev. Bowen's installation at Williamsburg. Then, the journey and preaching would use me up for a week: a thing not to be considered, if any one were here to take care of the [evening] Sunday. The besetting difficulties are too great even for my strong desire to come.
    I rejoice that you are going to be settled at Washington: and I have no doubt that you can say there just what you please. My advice to you would be to go on as you have begun, making your Anti-slavery occasionally, at timely moments, just as strong as you have made it previous to your call. The most that a man can desire is to have the liberty to speak a timely word at some conjuncture which enhances its meaning and prevents it from being spent upon the air. If a man waits for the chances which must inevitably occur in our legislation, and so long as the power of slavery seeks its opportunity, he will have the satisfaction of bearing his testimony at the most useful moment for his own conscience and for the cause of truth. All else, relating to any special topic, is comparatively aimless, lacking the time's enforcement - which justifies it from the charge of dilettantism and superfluity of independence by bringing the evil up to be hit, and marking every hit a palpable one. Particularly in Washington, where people hear of effects being produced by speaking strongly to the point at some critical moment, I should judge it to be the best cause for the preacher of anti-slavery truth to watch the providential chances, and concentrate this special moral energy of his upon the evil when it has a '[name].'
    Let me desire for you every success and spiritual blessing, and though distant from us may you yet feel the sympathy of all who believe as you do, who will be ready to countenance for you, and who will feel strengthened by your efforts."

    With one additional ALS.

  • Elizur Wright

    ALS, regarding becoming an auxiliary to the National Liberal League. August 31, 1880. 2 p.

  • Other letters

    Ones addressed to famous autograph collectors Lewis Cist and William Buell Sprague, are from Francis Gillette (Senator from Conn.); William Jackson; William Jay (2 letters); Winslow Lewis; J. C. Lovejoy; James Miller McKim (2 ALS); A.M. Powell; and Francis Todd.

Abolitionists' Archive

  • US TxAM-C C000553
  • Collection
  • 1795-1910; Undated

The collection contains over 100 rare letters, autograph quotations, and photographs from 50 major figures in the American antislavery struggle, including several rare autographs from key British abolitionists. Many of the individuals noted provided selfless support, financially, morally, and wrote on behalf of the abolishment of the 'peculiar' institution of slavery. Some of the well-known abolitionists include Henry Ward Beecher, Blanche K. Bruce, William Channing, William Lloyd Garrison, Joshua R. Giddings, the Grimke sisters, Gerrit Smith, Thaddeus Stevens, Charles Sumner, and Lewis Tappan, one of the leading financial supporters of the Amistad Africans.

The collection contains photographs and newspaper clippings of these 50 prominent abolitionists.

H.M.S. Alfred Crew Station Book

  • US TxAM-C C000020
  • Collection
  • circa 1800

This collection contains the crew station book of the H.M.S. Alfred (3rd rate 74, built 1778). Unpaginated [276].

The H.M.S. Alfred was in the harbor for service from 1799 until she was broken up in 1814. This notebook was used for training crews for the Napoleonic wars, and it gives very detailed accounts of the jobs from getting up the anchor, to furling sails.

Wipprecht Family Papers

  • US TxAM-C 1251
  • Collection
  • 1803-1973

The Wipprecht Family Papers is a collection of photographs, correspondence, and other items pertaining to the family of Walter Wipprecht (Sr.). The photographic collection spans the Wipprecht personal family ranch life in Bryan Texas to Texas A&M College and Bryan, TX early buildings. The collection includes several local newspapers, commemorative Bryan, TX memorabilia along with photographs of historic Texas A&M College during the early 1900s.

The collection includes light-sensitive glass plate negatives.

Wipprecht, Walter

Illustrated European Periodicals of African Military Expeditions

  • US TxAM-C C000564
  • Collection
  • 1821-1906

This collection includes over 11 different groupings of approximately 1 to 10 issues in each grouping. The latter half of the collection includes illustrations of African and African Americans in European periodicals.

Thomson Letter, Picture, Booklet, and Biographical Information

1/1: Letter, August 5, 1832

  • One handwritten letter in ink on both sides of a sheet of paper (measuring 31 cm by 37 cm).
  • Originally folded in half to form four pages, each measuring 31 cm by 18 and a half cm. When further folded the fourth page became the address area and is postage stamped in red: "Little Rock Arks, Sep 6." Traces of the red sealing wax remain on this page.
  • This is the only original letter referred to in the booklet of transcriptions [see Item 1/4.] for which the location was known by the family as of its donation to the repository in March 2002.

1/2: Photographic reproduction of an oil painting portrait of Alexander Thomson (probably in his old age). "Alexander Thomson" is written in pencil on the back of the cardboard on which the picture is pasted. Undated

1/3: Thomson Biographical Note, handwritten in pencil on a sheet of St. Louis Southwestern Railway Lines letterhead, undated and unsigned. circa 1940s-1950s

  • Discrepancies such as referring to Washington, TX as Old Washington, indicate the information must have been composed at least after the American Civil War, and at least as late as 1885 since Yellow Prairie was renamed Chriesman in that year.
  • Furthermore, if the present note was either composed or copied down contemporary with the stationary, then it may have been written sometime during the period 1947-1951, when F. W. Green served as President of the Cotton Belt Line of the St. Louis Southwestern Railway Lines, as indicated on the letterhead.

1/4: Photocopies of Booklet by Ralston P. Haun, circa 1980

  • The photocopies include the booklet cover featuring an image of the Alamo, a flyleaf printed with "Ana Gardner Thomson," the original owner of the booklet, the Contents page, pages 1-55 of text, transcriptions of five other letters and two memoirs, and a typed letter dated May 1, 1980 (signed Jim Glass, Houston, Tex.) which details the authorship and provenance of the original booklet, and as much as is known in the family about the subsequent disposition of the documents transcribed therein.
  • Glass states that only three copies of the booklet were produced around 1936. Of the transcribed letters, one is dated 1833, the rest in the 1840s to 1860s. The memoirs are by James Monroe Hill and Jane Hallowell Hill.

Alexander Thomson Letter

  • US TxAM-C 37
  • Collection
  • 1832-08-05

The Alexander Thomson letter is dated August 5, 1832, from Texas, Austin's Colony. Addressed to "Mr. Wm. D. Thomson, Giles County, Tennessee, Cornerville P.O.," with the salutation "My dear son," and signed "your Aff. Father, Alexs. Thomson."

The text of the letter recounts recent events in Austin's colony which, in retrospect, have a direct bearing on the brewing struggle for independence of the colony from Mexico. Most noteworthy is the account of the early revolt of Anglo-Texas colonists against the Mexican government's steady encroachment on the freedom of colonists to conduct free trade or encourage further immigration into Texas from the United States.

In the letter, Thomson details the build-up of hostilities between Colonel Juan Davis Bradburn, born in Virginia, but in service to Mexico, who was made commander of Fort Anahuac.

Noteworthy also in the letter are the expressions of loyalty and admiration shown toward General Antonio López de Santa Anna by the colonists, who saw him as championing their rights in the condemnation of Bradburn, who was known to be a supporter of the hated General Anastacio Bustamante. Bustamante, who had been the dictator of Mexico since January 1830, was now involved with Santa Anna and his allies in a fierce civil war. (see general note)

As the Thomson letter records vividly, the Texas colonists threw their support to Santa Anna, believing him to favor their freedom to enforce their own laws and maintain their own system of trade and civil courts. The letter records Stephen Austin's whole-hearted support of Santa Anna and Thomson's encomium on Santa Anna as "a true republican ... determined not to lay down his arms until republicanism prevails," rings ironically optimistic in the face of events only a few years later, culminating in the bitter defeat of the colonists by Santa Anna at the Alamo, and the equally bitter final defeat of Santa Anna at San Jacinto, assuring Texas's independence from Mexico.

Accompanying the letter are three other items.
A sepia-toned picture apparently reproduced from an oil painting. The picture is pasted inside a dark brown oval paper matting on a piece of cardboard measuring about 20 cm by 15 cm. The image measures about 13 cm by 7 cm. Though the original painting is as yet unidentified, "Alexander Thomson" is written on the back of the cardboard in pencil.

A sheet of letterhead stationery for the "St. Louis Southwestern Railway Lines, St. Louis 2, Mo.," with the logo for the "Cotton Belt Route," and below that "F. W. Green, President." On this much-folded piece of letterhead is an undated and unsigned biography of Alexander Thomson handwritten in pencil.

A photocopy (circa 1980) of a booklet originally prepared by Ralston P. Haun in Coleman, Tex. around 1936, which includes a transcription of the August 5, 1832 letter, as well as other family letters and papers. According to the copy of an explanatory note appended to the booklet, dated May 1, 1980, and signed Jim Glass of Houston, Tex., one of the three copies made by Haun was given to Ana Gardner Thomson and passed down to her granddaughter Ana Haun Frómen, thence apparently to Gardner Osborn. The booklet includes transcriptions of five other family letters and two memoirs. Though speculated upon in the Glass note, the current disposition of the other letters and papers is still unverified.

Thomson, Alexander, 1785-1863

Republic of Texas Stock Certificates and Confederate States of America Notes

  • US TxAM-C 261
  • Collection
  • 1838-1862

This collection contains one Treasury Warrant (February 13, 1861), one $100 share in the Consolidated Fund of Texas (September 1, 1837), one $10 treasury note (December 10, 1838), one $100 stock certificate in the 10 percent Consolidated Fund (June 15, 1840), and one $2 Confederate note and a $3 Confederate note (both dated July 7, 1862).

Texas Slavery and Emancipation Documents

The sale of five slaves as recorded in an autograph document transferring ownership of "Sundry Negroes slaves for life (to wit) Jim, July, Harriet, Ann & George with their Increase" to D. A. Perry for $2400, signed by S. W. Perry of Washington County, Republic of Texas, February 28, 1838. Half-sheet 4to. One-page, approximately 50 words; docketed on verso/ Folded; traces of an attached sheet on verso.

Renting a slave for the interest on debt as recorded in an autograph document transferring temporary ownership of "a negro woman named Lucretia about 18 years old copper complexion or yellow" from Wyatt Hanks for a period of 12 or 20 months, for the interest on $900, to John Campbell and his wife of Dewitt County, Texas, and signed by John Campbell and Hanks, July 24, 1857. Folio. One page, approximately 200 words; docketed on verso. In a signed statement on the verso, a bit less than two years later, Hanks relinquishes claims on the slave for $300. Folded; some edgewear and browning.

Transferring ownership of "a negro woman named Harriet, about thirty years old," to J. S. Hanna for $1000, in a manuscript document, signed by J. C. Rogers of Milam County, Texas, October 6, 1857. Folio. 1-page docketed on verso. Signed by A. M. Massengale and D. R. Cole as witnesses.

Accounting for the hiring and rent of land and slaves, a one-page accounting for the estate of F. R. Garnett. Listing includes five slaves, identified by name, and one parcel of land; for each slave entered the "hirer" and the monthly fee paid to the estate for services or use; William Woodson of Harrison County, Texas, was acting as administrator for the estate. February 8, 1858.

Announcing the auction of slaves in Caldwell, Texas, in an autograph document headed "notice," signed by Ellis Gregg as the administrator of the estate of John Gregg, deceased, September 27, 1858. Half-sheet 4to. One page, approximately 65 words. "I will sell to the highest bidder at the Court House door in the town of Caldwell on the first Tuesday in November next … the Negro woman named Ellen and children named Frances, Jinny, and Austin." Pinholes at corners from an original mounting; another hole in the middle of the document, taking parts of two letters.

Seeking $10,000 in damages for an illegal beating, a plaintiff's attorney's manuscript complain, signed by L. T. Harris and R. L. Elkins in February (?), 1960 on behalf of Rose Ann, "a free woman of color, and a resident of Jackson County." Folio. 2 pages approximately 325 words. Malcolm Gandy, Andrew Sea, William Wingfield, John White, and Adam McDaniel, all of Jackson County, allegedly "with force of arms & without right … dragged the said pltf. Who is an old and defenseless woman, about 60 years of age, a considerable distance, and then and there with force of arms, …beat, bruised & wounded the said plaintiff with sticks, clubs, and quirts." Rose Ann is later described as "a citizen of Texas at the date of the Declaration of the Independence of Texas," the first such description we've seen for an African-American. Folded (some wear and short separation at folds); some browning and smudging. The complaint was prepared for the March term of the Lavaca County Court but bears no court markings or docketings (the complaint is apparently a copy or was never filed).

Transferring ownership of "thirty seven negroes," from Jesse Tubbs to William Davis, Robert Calvert, and James S. Hanna for $36,750, in a manuscript document, signed by Davis, 15 October 1860. 4to. 1-page docketed on verso. Signed by T. W. Cunningham as a witness.

Transferring ownership of "a negro man by the name of Tom," from H.J. Willson, to "Davis, Calvert & Hanna," for $1050 ($25 down payment made here), in a manuscript document, signed by Willson, October 25, 1860, at "Railway Camp." 4to. 1-page docketed on verso. Signed by T. W. Cunningham as a witness.

Printed slave hire, a partly printed document completed in manuscript and signed by J. D. Billups, John Billups, and G. W. Beauchamp. [Palestine, TX?], January 1, 1861. Handbill, 8 x 6.5 inches. "[blank] By the Twenty-fifth day of December next, we, or either of us, promise to pay to W. W. Quarles, as guardian of M. Quarles, [blank] Dollars, for the hire of a Negro [blank] named [blank] said Negro we are to furnish with three suits of good clothing, one of which to be woolen; two pairs of shoes, one [blank] and one good blanket. And we are to pay the Taxes, and are to employ a Physician, when necessary, and pay the Physician's bill: --and we are to pay five Dollars for every article of clothing we fail to furnish according to the above agreement. Ten per cent for maturity/ January 1st 1861." The blank spaces are here completed appropriately in the manuscript. While autograph slave hires are among the most common slavery-related documents, this is the first printed form for one that we have encountered.

Promising to pay $25 per month for "three Negro Boys to work," to Geo. R. Tubb, in a manuscript document, signed "Davis, Calvert, & Hanna," Leon County, October 21, 1860, additionally agreeing to "clothe and feed said boys." Half-sheet 4to. 1-page docketed on the verso. Over the hire is written "Cancelled & the Negroes taken home & payment made in full to G.R. Tubb this day February 7th 1861."

Promising to "furnish [sic] Samuel King a negro man four months at 20 dollars per month", in a manuscript document, signed by James S. Hanna, in "Sterling," [TX?], March 8, 1862. Half-sheet 4to. 1-page. Hanna further notes the $80, "being the balance due him for buck work done in the year 1861."

Transferring ownership of "a certain negroe girl named Banbry, about seventeen years of age," in a manuscript document, signed by Joseph Mason of Harrison County, Texas, January 2, 1854. Folio. 1-page docketed on the verso. Signed by Pendleton Murrah as a witness. Folded as for filing, but very good. Benjamin Young and Alfred Johnson purchased the slave for $1041. Murrah (1826-1865) was elected governor of Texas in 1863 and served to the end of the war when he fled to Mexico, dying there of tuberculosis in August 1865.

Posting bond for an accused murderer of "Jack Hunter a negro man, formerly belonging to Mrs. A. M. J. Hunter on the Seventh of April A.D. 1864," in a manuscript document, signed by Joseph W. Slater, as Justice of the Peace, Thomas W. Hull, the accused, and 16 of his supporters, all of Harrison County, Texas, September 18, 1865. Folio. 1-page; docketed on the verso. Folded, but very good.

Paying a J. S. Hanna a $25 bounty as a "reward for recovery of a Freedman Rance Ross - charged with horse stealing," in an autograph document, signed by M. F. Harman, December 9, 1875, on a "John Orr & Co." billhead, dated Calvert, Texas. 8 vo. 1-page.

Transferring ownership of "a negro boy named Stephen, said boy … about twenty years of age … and slave for life" from W. W. Watts to J. S. Hanna for $4000, in a manuscript document, signed by Watts and by W. Rowland as a witness in Robinson, Texas. December 7, 1863 (i.e., after the Emancipation Proclamation) Half-sheet 4to. 1-page. Undated

Charles B. Richardson Collection

  • US TxAM-C 1317
  • Collection
  • 1840-1959

This collection contains various articles, newspaper clippings, and other memorabilia collected by Charles B. Richardson over his lifetime. Interesting pieces in the collection include Richardson's letter of promotion to Captain of the Louisiana militia (1848), newspaper clippings concerning various Civil War events, and a poster advertising agricultural combines dating from the mid-1870s. Another interesting piece in the collection is a payment receipt from October 26, 1863, for the services of a slave named Mike who worked on public defenses in Shreveport, Louisiana.

Richardson, Charles B.

Engravings, Maps, and Plans

Engravings: "San Antonio de Bexar." Annotated by hand in ink: "Drawn by E. E. from a Sketch by Lt. Mcdowell," and in right margin in pencil: "Reserve," 1846

"Ruins of the Church of the Alamo. San Antonio de Bexar." Annotated by hand in ink with date, and in right margin in pencil: "Reserve," [ ca.1846].

"Interior View of the Church of the Alamo." Annotated by hand in ink with date, and in right margin in pencil: "Reserve," 1847.

"Mission Concepcion, Near San Antonio de Bexar." Annotated by hand in ink: "Built 1754," and same in pencil, with "Reserve" in right margin also in pencil, 1847

"Mission of San Jose Near San Antonio de Bexar". Annotated by hand in ink with date, and with "Reserve" in right margin in pencil, 1846

"Watch Tower Near Monclova." One of two versions of the hand-colored engravings. Shows blue sky and mostly gray stone. [1846]

"Watch Tower Near Monclova." One of two versions of the hand-colored engravings. Shows sky in lavender, gray, pale pink, and yellow, with much more sepia, tan, green, and touches of white in the building stones and vegetation. Annotated by hand in ink with: "drawn by E. E. from a Sketch," and with "Reserve" in right margin in pencil, [1846]

"Church Near Monclova." One of two versions of one illustration in the hand-colored engravings. Shows bright blue sky with white clouds and pale yellow at the horizon, green vegetation, and pale tan ground. Annotated by hand in pencil with "Quincy" in the lower right corner, [1846]

"Church Near Monclova." One of two versions of one illustration in the hand-colored engravings. Shows bright blue sky with white clouds and pale yellow at the horizon, green vegetation, and pale tan ground. Annotated by hand in ink: "drawn by E. E. from a Sketch," and in pencil with "Reserve" in the right margin, [1846]

Map: Untitled. Hand-drawn manuscript map showing area extending from San Antonio de Bexar, Tex. to Caldwell, Texas area. A draft version of "Plan of the Vicinity of Austin and San Antonio, Texas," ca. 1848.

Map: Hand-drawn manuscript map. "Plan of the Vicinity of Austin and San Antonio, Texas," [ca. 1848].

Map: Printed proof for publication. "Map Showing the Route of the Arkansas Regiment from Shreveport, La. to San Antonio de Bexar, Texas," [ ca. 1848].

Plans: 2 copies, one a hand-drawn draft in ink with pencil, the other probably printer's proof for publication. "Plan of the Ruins of the Alamo near San Antonio De Bexar." Drawn by Edward Everett, 1848.

Plan: Hand-drawn manuscript plan in ink. "Plan of San Antonio de Bexar, Texas. Drawn from recollection by E. E.," undated.

Report: Printer's Proof titled Report of The Secretary of War, communicating, in compliance with a resolution of the Senate, a map showing the operations of the army of the United States in Texas and the adjacent Mexican states on the Rio Grande; accompanied by astronomical observations, and descriptive and military memoirs of the country, 1 March 1849. Published as Senate Executive Document No. 32, 31st Congress, 1st Session, in 1850. 1 March 1849.

Handwritten "Index to Col. Hughes Report" is kept with this pre-publication copy of the report. The added title page for the printed report reads "Memoir Descriptive of the March of A Division of the United States Army, Under the Command of Brigadier General John E. Wool, from San Antonio de Bexar, in Texas, to Saltillo, in Mexico," By George W. Hughes, Captain Corps Topographical Engineer, Chief of the Topographical Staff. 1846.

US Passport of John Livezey and Wife

  • US TxAM-C 296
  • Collection
  • 1846

The US Passport of John Livezey and wife, signed by Secretary of State James Buchanan.

Livezey, John

Edward Everett Papers

  • US TxAM-C C000024
  • Collection
  • 1846-1906

This collection dating from 1846 to 1906 (bulk: 1846-1847) consists chiefly of handwritten letters, journal entries, a memoir, a proof copy of a report from the U. S. Secretary of War on Army operations in Texas and on the Rio Grande during the Mexican War (1846-1848), as well as plans, maps and nine hand-colored copies of lithographic engravings drawn by Everett, which vividly chronicle southwest Texas cultural as well as military history during the late1840s.

Series 1, Letters (1847-1863), mainly handwritten in ink by Edward Everett to his brother, Samuel W. Everett, from 1846-1847, while Everett was serving in San Antonio de Bexar with the U. S. Army during the Mexican War. A few letters from other correspondents pertain to Everett's disability and eventual official discharge from the Army. Three letters written in the period 1852-1863 are about business or from family members.

Series 2, Journal and Memoir (1846-1899) contains three sets of journal entries for Sept. 1846-Jan. 1847. All are handwritten in ink on loose sheets of paper. The memoir, also handwritten in ink, on machine-ruled paper measuring about 8 x 5 inches, covers the years 1846-1848, with additional material added and dated, on at least one page, with 1899. This memoir is edited in pencil by Everett, evidently for publication, since one note suggests that the memoir was donated in 1899 to the Quincy Historical Society, later known as The Illinois Historical Society. The memoir was actually published, at least part, or possibly all of it, under the title "Military Experience," in Transactions of the Illinois Historical Society for 1905.

Series 3, Engravings, Maps, and Plans (ca. 1846-1849) includes nine copies of lithographed illustrations drawn by Edward Everett and engraved by C. B Graham Lithographers in Washington, D.C. The engravings were to be published in a report on U.S. Army operations in Texas during the Mexican War. A proof copy of this 67-page report, titled Report of the Secretary of War, communicating ... the Operations of the Army of the United States in Texas and the Adjacent Mexican states on the Rio Grande (31st Congress, 1st Session, Senate. Executive Document 32), published in 1850, is annotated throughout by Everett in pencil. For this publication Everett was at least responsible for eight illustrations: seven engravings of the San Antonio de Bexar area, including the Alamo church, as well as locations in Mexico; a plan of the ruined Alamo as it was in 1846, before being renovated according to Everett's direction, as a U. S. Army supply depot and workshops.

Engravings include nine copies of the lithographed prints. Notations made in ink on the separate prints, and on p. [4] of the proof copy of the published government report, indicate that: illustrations numbered for publication 2, 3-6 were engraved from original drawings made by Everett; those numbered 1, 7-8 were engraved from drawings made by Everett based on pencil sketches by other individuals, particularly no. 1 titled "Watch Tower Near Monclova," which was drawn by Everett from a sketch by Lieutenant McDowell of the U.S. Army.

Everett's proofs of the lithographic prints have all been exquisitely hand-tinted, in contrast to the severe black-and-white reproductions in the printed report. Of the nine hand-colored prints, two are duplicates of two illustrations, one titled "Church Near Monclova," and the other "Watch Tower Near Monclova." These identical prints are each hand-colored in two versions, apparently to represent the depicted buildings' appearances during the daytime, as well as at dusk or sunset.

Maps include one copy of a published map, possibly also by Everett, though it has been attributed to Josiah Gregg, which also appeared in the 1850 Army Operations report, titled "Map Showing the Route of the Arkansas Regiment from Shreveport La. to San Antonio de Bexar Texas," which is annotated with a penciled in route drawn from San Antonio to Austin, and a town location labeled "New Braunsfels." Also included are two manuscript versions of a map by Edward Everett, one copy titled "Plan of the Vicinity of Austin and San Antonio, Texas."

Plans are represented by two copies of an illustration drawn by Everett for the 1849 Army operations report showing plans of the Alamo before the renovation, titled "Plans of the Ruins of the Alamo near San Antonio De Bexar, 1846." Also present is one manuscript plan, titled "Plan of San Antonio de Bexar, Texas, 1848," which is labeled as "Drawn from recollection by E. E." The legend states that locations number 1-5 on the plan show, for instance, the spot near the Plaza in town where Everett received his disabling gunshot wound in the leg, the Hospital where he convalesced, and the Quartermaster's Office, to which he was assigned to work after being declared disabled from active service in the field.

A handwritten loose-leaf page kept with the proof copy of the report is titled "Index to Col. Hughes Report," and lists subject divisions and page numbers, though these divisions are not present in the published report by Hughes.

Thus Everett's accounts of frontline actions in the Mexican War mainly rely on reports from occasional volunteer soldiers or scouts, or Mexican nationals, returning back to Texas from the front lines of battle in Mexico. As much as he is able, however, Everett produces very detailed accounts of the various battles and skirmishes in and around the Texas-Mexico border, including battles at Monterrey, Saltillo, San Luis, Camargo, Buena Vista, Vera Cruz, and Tampico, recording a large number of casualties on both sides.

Of particular interest is Everett's extensive first-hand description of the ruins of the Alamo, and how it was converted for U.S. Army use as a military headquarters, according to plans drawn up by Everett. He deplores the vandalism already wreaked by relic seekers and stressed the respect shown to the mission church by the U. S. Army restorers, who refused to plunder it for building stone but instead merely cleaned away the debris. In the process, skeletons were uncovered, which Everett assumes to be from the time of the siege and Battle of the Alamo in 1836. Everett's accounts of frontier life in the rather rambunctious confines of San Antonio, complete with ambushes, shootouts, rough and ready court trials, and various local characters are often riveting.

Everett also pictures the moods and attitudes of the soldiers toward a variety of issues. Everett describes their arduous marches, unsavory living conditions, often dire medical care, and the cruel climate tormenting them. Having been left behind in San Antonio with all the stores rejected by the army, which had proceeded on into Mexico, Everett's men were faced with nursing broken down mules and horses back to usefulness, salvaging wagon parts from several damaged ones to make a serviceable one, and generally, trying to make do with what could be had in the vicinity, or easily transported from the Quartermaster at New Orleans.

According to Everett, communications on the Texas frontier often proceeded through "solitary express riders." He describes Mexican culture co-existing with "the Indians" and their horse-stealing. He also gives an excellent but pejorative account of the Texas Rangers and their activities, calling them desperados. Everett describes Mexican Generals Santa Anna, Torrejón, and Woll, the exceedingly unpopular U. S. Army Colonel Churchill, officers George W. Hughes, 1st Lieutenant W. B. Franklin, 2nd Lieutenant F. T. Bryan, General Zachary Taylor ("Old Rough and Ready"), General Winfield Scott, and General James Morgan, Captain J. H. Prentiss, Brigadier General John E. Wool, Major General Worth, Captain James Harvey Ralston, Captain L. Sitgreaves, as well as Edward Everett's own two brothers Charles Everett and Samuel W. Everett (Sam).

Full of absorbing narrative and elusive details often lost in larger historical works, the content of Everett's narratives and letters may be summed up in his own words from the handwritten memoir: "Mine is not a tale of battles, or of the movements of great armies, but the details will show some of the hardships and vicissitudes of a soldier's life, the exposure to which causes a greater sacrifice of life than that ensuing from wounds of death received from the enemy."

Everett, Edward

Journals and Memoir

Journal entries. Caption title: "San Antonio de Bescar. September 1846." 11 Sept. 1846-4 April [1847]

Half sheets (6) of ruled paper, torn in half horizontally, and stitched along left margin. Signed "Edward Everett" in pencil in upper left corner of top sheet. Had been folded and labeled on the back in pencil "Original journal, San Antonio 1846."

Journal entries. Continues recounting events in San Antonio, 16 -20 Dec. 1846

Half sheet of unruled pale blue paper, originally torn along left margin, recto filled and verso bearing single one-line entry.

Journal entries. Records events near the Rio Grande, 26 Dec. 1846-2 Jan. 1847

Large folded sheet of white paper, faintly ruled in blue. Had been folded and labeled on back in ink Memorandums of Journey to Rio Grande, with penciled annotations Journal and Dec. 26 '46.

Memoir. Titled "At San Antonio Texas, in the Quartermasters Department, U.S.A. 1846-1848," [1899?]

Handwritten in ink on 8 x 5 inch machine ruled sheets of notepaper, this memoir records Everett's activites not only in the Mexican War (1846-1848), but through some part of the Civil War, that page being annotated in pencil with 1899 and the note that it was "substituted ... in the copy sent to Quincy." The memoir is the most substantial and heavily edited part of this series. Pages are numbered in ink at top margin 1a, 2a, 1-38, 38a, 39-70, 70b [1899 substitute page], 71. Later published, all or in part, under the title "Military Life" in Transactions of the Illinois Historical Society…for 1905.

Journals and Memoir

This series consists of three groups of journal entries, and a memoir handwritten in ink. All are written on loose sheets of white notepaper or stationary which had been machine ruled in blue, except for one sheet of pale blue, unruled paper with a yellowed, rough left margin, which may have been torn from a notebook, but more likely was the remaining half of a larger sheet of paper.

Nearly all the pages bear some lightly penciled annotations, corrections and additions, undoubtedly in Everett's handwritting, and all but the memoir, with one page labeled a copy of 1899, had been folded to approximately 20 x 9 cm., then labeled as if for filing. Unclear in all cases which sets of entries are original or fair hand copies, though it appears that Everett may have been preparing all the entries for publication, probably in a personal memoir.

Journal entries are devoted to Everett's experiences in Texas during the Mexican War (1846-1848) and are dated from shortly after Edward Everett was wounded in the knee (11 Sept. 1846) and confined to the military hospital to 4 April 1847. The memoir extends the record to encompass the rest of 1848, and extend the chronology of Everett's life to well past the Civil War, though the latter events are only touched on briefly.

Everett's narrative of his experiences give a great deal of detail and insight concerning life on the Texas frontier near the Mexican border, as well as the hardships encountered by American soldiers and both American and Mexican civilians during the Mexican War (1846-1848).

Engravings, Maps, and Plans

This series contains nine lithographed engravings for illustrations of a U.S. Secretary of the Treasury report on Army operations in Texas and Mexico. All the illustrations are drawn by Edward Everett, and engraved by C. B Graham Lithographers of Washington, D.C. All nine engraving in the papers have been hand-tinted with watercolors, with two versions each of two of the illustrations, probably representing different times of day. The engravings are almost all annotated by hand in ink or pencil, or both, and are listed in order as they appear in the published report of 1850. Also included are three maps of the South Texas and San Antonio area as well as portions of Mexico, and three leaves of plans, two for the same illustration drawn by Everett for the report showing the Alamo mission buildings in 1846 before renovation, and one of the San Antonio de Bexar area drawn by Everett some time later from memory.


This series contains three group of letters, with the first group containing sixteen letters written in the period June 12, 1846 - May 16, 1847, by Edward Everett in San Antonio de Bexar during his service in the Mexican War, to his brother, Samuel W. Everett in Quincy, Ill. A few letters, also from this period, sent to Everett by Captain J. H. Ralston, Colonel R. Jones, Captain James D. Morgan, and Colonel William Weatherford pertain to Everett's disability and eventual discharge from the Army.

The second group has three letters from the period after the Mexican War. The first letter, no more than a note, dated 1852, is from W. H. Bissell concerning a piece of legislation. The other two letters are from 1863, and both discuss the Civil War. One is addressed from Fort Jackson, probably in Louisiana, dated 13 April 1863, opening with "My Dear Father," and closing with "your son Taylar Clark." This writer mentions the Civil War in general terms, and the spelling and grammar are both very poor. The other letter, with much more educated spelling and grammatical style, is addressed "Camp near Warrenton, Va.," dated 6 Sept. 1863, opens with "Dear Parents," and closes "From your affect. son, Henry." This letter discusses army camp life in some detail, including the responsibilities of training U.S. Army Conscripts, various incidents occurring during patrol duty, and an attack that had just been mounted by "Mosebys Gang " at New Baltimore.


Letters from Edward Everett to Samuel W. Everett. June 21, 1846 - May 16, 1847

Letter to Edward Everett from Capt. James O. Morgan. Copy of formal notice of having been wounded. September 11, 1846

Letter to Edward Everett from Captain James Harvey Ralston. Certificate of disability. July 10, 1847

Letter to Col. R. Jones from Edward Everett. Application for pension due to a disability. September 18, 1847

Letter, "To All Whom it may concern" from Col. William Weatherford. Honorable discharge. June 18, 1846
Handwritten copy in ink of official record. January 26, 1849

Letter, "To Whom It May Concern" from Captain James D. Morgan. Granting on one year's furlough due to injury. May 26, 1847
Handwritten copy in ink of official record. January 26, 1849

Letter to Edward Everett from W. H. Bissell. Short note on "his bill passing the House". January 9, 1852

Letter to "Dear Father" from Taylar Clark. April 13, 1863

Letter to "Dear Parents" from Henry. September 6, 1863

William Wallace Burns Papers

  • US TxAM-C C000023
  • Collection
  • 1848-1910

This collection consists mainly of correspondence (1858-1888) in which Brigadier General William Wallace Burns, of the United States Army, gives detailed accounts of Civil War battles fought during the Peninsular Campaign (March-August 1862), particularly the Seven Days Battles (June 25 - July 1, 1862 ), including Peach Orchard, Allen's Farm, Savage Station, Glendale, Nelson's Farm, and Malvern Hill. Burns discusses topics such as military strategy, troop movements, military surgeons, weather conditions during battles, building pontoon bridges, building defense works and, and capturing Confederate works. One letter is present from the Mexican-American War (1846-1848).

Also included is personal correspondence with high-ranking officials such as President Abraham Lincoln, U. S. Secretary of War Charles Stanton, General Henry W. Halleck, General Winfield Scott Hancock, General George McClellan, General William Starke Rosecrans, and Major General Edwin Vose Sumner, as well as Emil Schalk who was a war journalist. The latter correspondence concerns political viewpoints on the causes of the war, primarily slavery, as well as the conduct and outcome of the war.

Some correspondence (1888-1904) was written just before and after Burns' death among family members, notably his grandchildren Lloyd Burns Magruder, who was a cadet at the United States Military Academy, and Pauline Magruder, as well as William Wallace Burns' sister Mabelle Burns, usually called "Mab." A substantial group of letters to Mabelle Burns is from her suitor for marriage, B. L. Prince. A few of the family letters from Pauline Magruder to her Aunt Mabelle Burns are written in French from Paris, France.

Also present is a substantial group of copies of military orders and official reports focused on Burns' thwarted ambitions to become Major General, and lead a Division in the Army of the Cumberland under the command of General Rosecrans. Apparently Burns believed political maneuverings of high governmental officials obstructed his promotion to Major General and precipitated his resignation as Brigadier General in 1863.

A few financial records and documents from legal proceedings are included concerning disputed rights to the "Sibley Tent," an invention whose patent royalties were eventually shared by Burns with Henry Hastings Sibley. Also present are a few documents concerning Texas real estate transactions.

Burns, William Wallace, 1825-1892

Military Correspondence

Correspondence and communications concerning military engagements and appointments including chains of command, orders, appointments, transfers, reassignments, promotions (or anticipation thereof), resignation, and retirement.

Also present are narratives of field conditions, tactical descriptions, battle plans, and narratives of military maneuvers.

Military Correspondence

S1-1/1: This folder contains the following documents,

  • A - Field Notes. Burns' account of activities in Northern Mexico and Texas borderlands. Handwritten-very difficult to read, 1 leaf, 1 page, circa 1848-1849.
  • B - Letter from W. W. Burns to Major F. J. Porter. Letter from Burns to his commanding officer appealing a negative decision concerning leave requested. Handwritten, 1 leaf, 10 August 1858.
  • C - "Special Orders" from the War Department for Captain William W. Burns. Orders for Burns to take over duties in Subsistence Department at Leavenworth KS. Handwritten Formal Document. 1 leaf, 1 page, 16 February 1861.
  • D - Orders from Head Quarters Department, of Ohio for Captain Wm Craig. Orders for man to transfer-copied to Burns. Handwritten Formal Document. 1 leaf, 1 page, 21 June 1861.
  • E - Letter to Capt. W. W. Burns from R. Macfeely. The letter concerns a discussion about rations and of transferring funds for Volunteers. Handwritten, 1 leaf, 1 page, 5 August 1861.
  • F - Letter from Burns to an unspecified General. The letter discusses troop movements-unsigned, a draft (?) Handwritten, 1 leaf, 23 January 1862.
  • G - Confidential letter to Burns from S. Williams. The letter requests an explanation in regard to a letter written on the 23rd (refers to item 1/6 possibly). Handwritten letter, 1 leaf, 3 February 1862.
  • H - Letter to unspecified General. The letter fully explains the situation requested in the previous Letter G. Handwritten, 1 leaf, 7 February 1862.
  • I - General Orders No. 13. Command to troops to "March toward the enemy." Handwritten, 1 leaf, 15 April 1862.
  • J - Letter (copy) to "Captain J. H. Taylor" from John Sedgwick. Report discussing military maneuvers and strategy. Handwritten, 2 leaves, 31 May 1862 - 1 June 1862.
  • K - Note from J. H. Taylor to "Gen" (copy). The short note discusses a bridge to be built and a wounded officer. Handwritten, 1 leaf, 5 June 1862.
  • L - Letter/ report to Sedgwick from Burns. Discusses military movements and casualties. Handwritten, 1 sheet, 4 leaves, 2 pages, 5 June 1862.
  • M - Letter from S. Williams to Burns. Order to move troops. Handwritten, 1 sheet, 1 leaf, 2 pages, 5 June 1862.
  • N - Battle Narrative "Seven days Fight before Richmond." Journal entries describing battles at Mechanicsville, Gaines' Mill, Peach Orchard, Savages Station, etc. Handwritten, 2 leaves, July 1862.
  • O - Battle Narrative: "Report of the Battles at Orchard Station, Savages, Glendale & Malvern." A lengthy description of engagement. Handwritten. 1 sheet, 2 leaves, 4 pages, 4 July 1862.
  • P - Battle Narrative. Description of engagement of June 29 and 30th as well as July 1 and 2nd. Handwritten, 1 sheet, 1 leaf, 2 pages, 5 July 1862.

S1-1/2: This folder contains the following documents,

  • A - Notebook section. This is a torn-away portion of a ruled notebook (5 ½ X 8 ½). This was written well after the fact and is a report of actions during several battles plus copies of letters. Handwritten, 6 leaves, 12 pages, 6 July 1862.
  • B - "Special Orders" from Head Quarters Dept. of the Potomac granting medical leave for W. W. Burns. Orders for twenty-day medical leave. Formal Printed Document filled-in with handwritten specifics. 1 leaf, 7 July 1862.
  • C - General Order. This appears to be a draft of Burns' farewell to troops after being relieved. Handwritten. 1 leaf, 1 page, 8 July 1862.
  • D - Letter from Brig. General John Sedgwick to S. Williams recommending promotion for Burns. Letter recommending numerous people, including Burns, for promotion. Handwritten Formal document. 1 leaf, 11 July 1862.
  • E - Letter from Burns to Maj. F. A. Walker. "Application for the command of the division now commanded by Brig Genl French." Handwritten, 1 leaf, 29 October 1862.
  • F - Letter from Burns to Adjutant Genl. 9th Corps. The letter describes detail of battle and tactical maneuvers. Handwritten, 1 sheet, 2 leaves, 3 pages, 15 December 1862.
  • G - Letter from Burns to Senator John Sherman. Request for a recommendation for confirmation of the appointment to Major General. Handwritten, 1 leaf, 10 January 1863.
  • H - Letter from Burns to John Sherman et al. Correspondence surrounding Burns' appointment to Major General. Handwritten letters and facsimile transcription (apparently) of other documents-all in Burns' handwriting. 5 leaves, 10 January 1863.
  • I - Fragment of a copy of a telegram from Rosecrans to Burns with Burns' note. Writing concerns the request for Burns to join Rosecrans with a note but this is an incomplete set. Handwritten, 2 leaves, 2 pages, 24 January 1863.
  • J - Letter from Burns to Butterfield. Letter of a formal request for transfer to Rosecrans. Handwritten, 1 leaf, 4 February 1863.
  • K - Special orders: relieving Burns of duty by Hooker. Copy of order in Burns' handwriting. A handwritten formal document, 1 leaf, 7 February 1863.
  • L - Special orders: relieving Burns of duty by Hooker. This is the same text as 1/27, with some discrepancies-an original? In Burns' handwriting but modified? Handwritten formal document. 1 leaf, 7 February 1863.
  • M - General Orders: Burns' farewell to troops before joining Rosecrans. Letter to troops from Burns thanking them for service. Handwritten formal document. 1 leaf, 8 February 1863.

S1-1/3: This folder contains the following document,

  • A - Resignation sent to President A. Lincoln. Mimeographed copies of handwritten formal documents and one typewritten copy of a document on file. 7 leaves, 6 March 1863.
  • This is a problematic set of papers. They are mimeographed (20th century) copies of documents that chronicle the unfortunate events leading to Burns never receiving his supposed appointment to Major General and his resulting decision to resign. Additionally, there is a footnote written by possibly him but in the third person. There is a typed "copy" (Undated) that was alleged to have been written by Sedgwick recommending the appointment.

S1-1/4: This folder contains the following documents,

  • A - Letter from Isaac Wistar to Burns. This letter is from an apparent colleague and implores Burns to reconsider resigning. Handwritten, 1 leaf, 14 March 1863.
  • B - Letter from Isaac Wistar to Burns. This letter is an expansion of the thoughts expressed in the A/ 15 letter. Handwritten, 1 leaf, 21 March 1863.
  • C - Letter from Burns to "Schalk." This may have been written to an Emil Schalk who wrote a book called Summary of the Art of War (1862 or 63?) Lengthy description of Seven Days and Fredericksburg Battles. Handwritten, 2 sheets, 4 leaves, 8 pages, 15 May 1863.
  • D - Letter (apparently) from Burns to a [Fry?]. Rather tersely written letter of inquiry to someone who was, it seems, an intermediary in the non-appointment dealings-possibly James Barnet Fry. Handwritten letter, no signature. 1 leaf, ca. 1863.
  • E - Letter was written by Winfield Scott Hancock after the failed attempt to capture Petersburg by tunneling under the Union lines. It is a firsthand account and is very difficult to read. Handwritten. 1 leaf, 2 pages, 3 August 1864.
  • F - Letter-believed to be from Burns by handwriting comparison-to unknown General. The letter discusses an accompanying campaign document (not with the letter) and references individuals who could either hinder or help. Handwritten letter, no signature. 1 leaf, 21 October 1864.
  • G - Narrative written by Burns. This is another account of his non-appointment debacle. 1 leaf, 4 pages, circa 1865
  • H - Special Orders for Burns. Orders to transfer to Hilton Head S. C. with Subsistence Department. Printed form filled-in with handwriting, 1 leaf, 8 December 1865.
  • I - Letter from James B. Fry to Burns. Letter to Burns in support of his getting an appointment. Handwritten letter. 1 leaf, 2 December 1865.
  • J - Letter from Dent to Burns. The letter refers to someone's sentiments toward Burns. Handwritten, 1 leaf, 17 February 1868.
  • K - Letter from Burns to E. R. S. Canby. The letter refers to some miscommunication concerning the relief of Burns. Handwritten, 1 leaf, 19 February 1868.
  • L - Special Orders No. 195. Orders for Burns to report to duty to Division of the Pacific. Printed Notice, 1 leaf, 26 November 1873.
  • M - Letter from O. E. Babcock to W. W. Burns. Acknowledgment of receipt by President of the document (undoubtedly related to the mysteriously missing appointment) from Burns. Handwritten, 1 leaf, 8 August 1874.
  • N - Letter to O. E. Babcock from Wm. W. Belknap, Secretary of War. The letter is a follow-up to an apparent inquiry made by Babcock on behalf of Burns and his unfulfilled appointment. Handwritten, 1 leaf, 3 October 1874.
  • O - Commission Notice. Form notification from Adjutant General's Office of Burns' being appointed Assistant Commissary General of Subsistence with the rank of Lieutenant Col. Printed form filled-in blanks, 1 leaf, 16 February 1875.
  • P - List of Officers of the Subsistence Department. The printed list includes the name of William W. Burns under Lieutenant-Colonels and as "Chief C. S. Mil Division of the Pacific and the Department of California. Purchasing and Depot C. S. at San Francisco." Printed list, 1 leaf, 1 May 1876.
  • Q - Memorandum from the War Department. The memo is a printed form with blanks to be filled-in concerning missing information on actions in the civil war. This requests information from Burns on the Siege of Yorktown. A printed piece with handwriting, 1 leaf, 28 August 1876.
  • R - Report of the Operations of Burns Brigade at Yorktown to Hon. J. D. Cameron, Secretary of War. Lengthy retrospective and description that was apparently requested by the Secretary's office. Handwritten, 1 leaf, 4 pages, 6 September 1876.
  • S - Clarification letter from Vincent to Burns. Notice of clarification in an erroneous record of absence. Handwritten, 1 leaf, 8 September 1876.
  • T - Burns' journal entry. This is, possibly, a copy of entries taken from the Army Register, but includes and unsigned commentary-handwriting is that of Burns-two copies, one appears to be a draft but has material changes made to the content of the commentary. Handwritten, 1 leaf, 1879.
  • U - Letter from Burns to Hancock. Personal letter. Handwritten. 1 leaf, 3 September 1880.

S1-1/5: This folder contains the following documents,

  • A - Unsigned letter to Committee on Military Affairs from Burns. Possibly a draft of a letter-in Burns' handwriting but unsigned. Handwritten, 1 leaf, circa 1880.
  • B - Letter from Burns to W. S. Hancock. Lengthy letter of explanation of "what happened" concerning his promotion, or lack thereof. Handwritten, 3 leaves, circa 1880.
  • C - Narrative concerning the Peninsular Campaign. This appears to be an incomplete draft of something written to answer someone's inquiry (Urbb? Webb?). Handwritten, 3 leaves, 3 pages, circa 1881.
  • D - Letter from Burns to General W. L. Sherman. Another appeal concerning Burns' non-appointment. Handwritten letter, 1 leaf, February 1881.
  • E - Letter to Burns from General W. L Sherman. An apparent response to item 1/55. Handwritten letter, 2 leaves, 20 February 1881.
  • F - Letter from M. Halstead to W. W. Burns. The letter is a copy of another, presumably, because it is in Burns' handwriting. 1 leaf, 11 June 1881.
  • G - Letter to "The President" from W. D. Bickham. Letter of reference for Burns. Handwritten, 1 leaf, 30 June 1881.
  • H - Letter from Burns to "The President." Letter of appeal for Major General Commission. Handwritten, 1 leaf, 1 July 1881.
  • I - Statement. Journal entry writing style but does not appear to be Burns' handwriting. Handwritten. 3 leaves, circa 1881.
  • J - Letter from Burns to General Rosecrans. Letter of explanation and reassurance that the battle of Chickamauga was not his fault. Handwritten letter. 3 leaves glued along the edge to bind together, 25 February 1882.
  • K - Notice. Formal notice to Burns of commission as Colonel and Asst. Commissary General of Subsistence. Form filled-in with handwriting. 1 leaf, 8 January 1885.
  • L - Letter from Burns to Sec of War, Endicott. Another appeal concerning the non-appointment to Major General. Handwritten, 1 leaf, 21 January 1886.
  • M - Formal Notice of Burns' retirement. Printed notice of retirement from active duty "by command of Major General Schofield: Chauncy McKeever, Acting Adjutant General." *NOTE: Backside of notice has a lengthy handwritten statement in what seems like that of an older person… in pencil. Reads like a psychological or character profile describing the personality and habits of, presumably, Burns? Author unknown but could be Burns' own synopsis of himself. Printed and Handwritten in pencil, 1 leaf, 4 September 1889.
  • N - Retrospective narrative of Burns' career. Written in the third person, this incomplete narrative was written by Burns (judging from the handwriting). Handwritten. 1 sheet, 2 leaves, 2 pages, circa 1889.
  • O - "Extract from Cincinnati Commercial." Burns apparently copied a portion of a news article from the newspaper. Handwritten, 1 leaf, Undated.
  • P - Incomplete letter from Burns; receiver unknown. The narrative concerns a battle at Malvern. Handwritten. 1 sheet, 2 leaves, 1 page, Undated.
  • Q - Statement in Burns' handwriting concerning his retirement. Reads like a draft of a legislative resolution. Handwritten, 1 leaf, Undated.
  • R - Copied battle description. This appears to be a copy made by Burns in his later years-possibly an excerpt from a book written by Charles Banes. Handwritten, 1 leaf, 2 pages, Undated.
  • S - Statement in Burns' handwriting concerning retirement having been wounded in action. Reads like a draft of a legislative resolution. Handwritten, 1 leaf, Undated.
  • T - Copy of battle description almost verbatim to 1/69. This document is another copy from, presumably, the book written by Charles M. Bane titled: The History of the Philadelphia Brigade…. Handwritten, 1 sheet, four leaves, 2 pages, Undated.
  • U - Statement in Burns' handwriting concerning retirement and retention of rank. Reads like a draft of a legislative resolution. Handwritten, 1 leaf, Undated.
  • V - Statement made to Genl McClellan upon which he wrote his endorsement of Genls Sumner and Sedgwick's recommendation." This is a report of Savages Station and Glendale made to McClellan. Handwritten, 1 leaf, 1 page, Undated.
  • W - Printed copy of Act. Same as referred to in 1/72 along with handwritten revision as a footnote by Burns. Handwritten page, 1 leaf, Undated.
  • X - "Salient Points to Peninsular Campaigns." Memorandum written by Burns. Handwritten, 1 leaf, 1 page, Undated.
  • Y - Personal statement. It seems to be a portion of something larger…narrative of Burns' career. Judging by the T-bars in the handwriting, this is a match to that in 1/64 and is most likely not that of Burns. Handwritten page, 2 leaves, Undated.
  • Z - Personal statement. Narrative written by Burns. Handwritten page. 1 leaf, Undated.
  • AA - "Etat de service in Command of Volunteer Troops…." A lengthy partial chronology of Burns' war-time career (1861-1863). Handwritten, 2 Sheets, 8 leaves, 8 pages, Undated.
  • BB - Notebook section. This is a torn-away portion of a ruled notebook (5 ½ X 8 ½). This was written well after the fact and is a report of actions during several battles plus copies of letters. Handwritten, 6 leaves, 12 pages, Undated.
  • CC - Statement in Burns' handwriting concerning his retirement. Reads like a draft of a legislative resolution. Handwritten, 1 leaf, Undated.
  • DD - "Savages Station" and "Nelson's farm- 'Glendale'." Brief descriptions of these two battles. Handwritten, 2 leaves, 1 page, Undated.
  • EE - Map sowing unknown battlefield layout. Hand-drawn in pencil with ink notations, 1 leaf, 1 page, Undated.

Miscellaneous Letters, Memos, and Clippings

This series includes newspaper clippings, including three items thought to be from circa 1906 concerning the Alamo, its survivors, and its history, and a copy of Edward Everett's obituary. Miscellaneous documents include a copy of a House Bill for financial relief due to Everett's disability incurred while serving in the U.S. Army during the Mexican War, and other miscellaneous printed pieces referring to him.

Warrington Penn Portraits

  • US TxAM-C C000576
  • Collection
  • 1848-1876

These two volumes documents feature the personal and political reminiscences of journalist William S. Robinson and were edited and published by his wife in 1877. In the first edition, the first volume was expanded to two with extra illustrations (142 portraits and 53 autograph letters from prominent Americans of the time). Writing as “Warrington,” the journalist was especially noted for his reform positions and radical anti-slavery voice. The portraits and views represent a wide range of 19th-century American historic events, sites, and public figures.

Penn, Warrington

Anonymous Journal of the Clipper Ship Stag Hound

  • US TxAM-C 1598
  • Collection
  • 1851

This journal was written by an unknown person on board the clipper ship, Stag Hound with entries dating from January 31 - May 21, 1851, during which the Stag Hound traveled from New York to San Francisco under the command of Captain Josiah Richardson.

Five days out from New York she lost several of her masts, and the crew spent the next several days making repairs. On March 1 they picked up the captain and crew, nine in number, of the Russian brig Sylphide bound from Rio de Janeiro to Helsingfors, Finland. The rescued men landed at Valparaiso when the Stag Hound stopped there for four days to obtain fresh provisions, especially water. While in Valparaiso, many of the crew deserted and had to be replaced.

According to The S. F. Daily Alta Californian from May 26, 1851, the following seven individuals were passengers on board the ship upon its arrival in the harbor: A. F. Macy, Harriet Macy, J. P. Otis, H. R. Helper, J. E. Manning, W. Helman, and W. Mason.

The passenger's experience of frustration usually associated with entering San Francisco on a sailing vessel is apparent in the last few entries. In view of the fact the journalist mentions the name of four of the passengers, A. F. Macy, Harriet Macy, J. P. Ottis, and H. R. Helper, the journalist must be one of the other three, J. E. Manning, W. Helman, or W. Mason. From some of the entries while in Valparaiso, it seems conclusive that the author was from Boston.

The author devoted a considerable amount of space to weather and on each day recorded the latitude and longitude, possibly copied from the ship's logbook kept by the first mate. They gave very little attention to the actual life of the passengers. There are brief references to reading, worship services on Sunday, and a couple of jokes and games. There are also a few references to difficulties in eating during bad weather, but not a thing was written about what they ate. It is mentioned that their cabin got wet a few times, however, there is no mention of what the accommodations were like. Nor was anything written of the fact that there was one female among six male passengers.

Hernan Contreras Papers

  • US TxAM-C 25
  • Collection
  • 1852-1993

This collection contains correspondence throughout the life of Hernan H. Contreras, both personal and professional, descriptions of his family home, a warranty deed on property owned by the Contreras family in Starr County, a map of these lots, photographs of family and coworkers in the U.S. Department of Immigration office in Starr County, an autograph book from his public school career, utility bills, receipts, junk mail, and oil and gas leases.

The collection also contains a multitude of papers from Mr. Contreras' wife's family, particularly those of her father, Casamiro Perez Alvares. The contents of these papers include oil and gas leases, utility bills, newspaper articles, correspondence with the U.S. Marshal's office in Galveston, subpoenas, arrest warrants, witness testimonies, receipts, government bulletins, poll tax receipts, land and city tax receipts, family photographs, marriage licenses, wedding invitations, funeral notices, personal letters, business letters, bank statements, checks, deposits, Christmas cards, a pamphlet on communism, a report card, ration sheets from World War I, Letters to the Editor of Newsweek magazine, articles on Estela Contreras' run for political office, and a picture of Estela Contreras from 1993. There is also a collection of reels accompanying all the paper items.

Contreras, Hernan, 1902-197?

P. Scott Regressions

2/01: Regression charts 1852, 1856

2/02: Regression charts 1852, 1857

2/03: Regression charts 1856, 1857

2/04: Regression charts 1852, 1858

2/05: Regression charts 1856, 1858

2/06: Regression charts 1857, 1858

2/07: Regression charts 1852, 1859

2/08: Regression charts 1856, 1859

2/09: Regression charts 1857, 1859

2/10: Regression charts 1858, 1859

2/11: Regression charts 1852, 1859 Congressional

2/12: Regression charts 1856, 1859 Congressional

2/13: Regression charts 1857, 1859 Congressional

2/14: Regression charts 1858, 1859 Congressional

2/15: Regression charts 1859 Congressional and Gubernatorial

2/16: Regression charts 1852, 1860

2/17: Regression charts 1856, 1860

2/18: Regression charts 1857, 1960

2/19: Regression charts 1858, 1860

2/20: Regression charts 1859, 1860 Gubernatorial

2/21: Regression charts 1859, 1860 Congressional

2/22: Regression charts 1852, 1861

2/23: Regression charts 1856, 1861

2/24: Regression charts 1857, 1861

2/25: Regression charts 1858, 1861

2/26: Regression charts 1859, 1861 Gubernatorial

2/27: Regression charts 1859, 1861 Congressional

2/28: Regression charts 1860, 1861

Financial and Legal Documents

This series contains documents relating to Texas and East Coast real estate transactions, much definitive information on the "Sibley Tent" and the lawsuit resulting from a disagreement concerning patent royalties. Includes two House Bills to force the government to pay Burns as well as the final statement of judgment. Also various other financial correspondence, largely contentious in nature, including documents concerning a bad debt owed to General Burns. Some of the later correspondence was directed to General Burns' sister and concerned selling some real estate.

Ackerman and McMiller General Store Account Books

  • US TxAM-C 1031
  • Collection
  • 1854-1856

This collection consists of two large leather account books from the old store owned and operated by David Verplank Ackerman and James McMiller that was at Washington-on-the-Brazos, Texas. The account book labeled "ledger" [box 1] dates from 1855 to 1865 and lists the accounts of individuals while the other one labeled "journal" [box 2] records the chronological expenses beginning in April 1854 and ending in January 1861.

William C. Macready Letter

  • US TxAM-C 658
  • Collection
  • 1854

This collection contains one handwritten letter from Macready to "sir" dated 1854 (1-page, ALS with a typed transcription), and another letter to "William Simpson" (1 folio with a typed transcription).

Papers on 19th Century Elections and Research Materials

1/01: Code Books

  • "Texas Code Book" lecture notes, research notes by Paul R. Scott, Spring 1983
  • "Newtex Code Book" lecture notes, research notes by Paul R. Scott, Summer 1983

1/02: Data Printouts

  • Data spreadsheets, undated, Texas history research

1/03: Data Sources

  • Research notes
  • Data spreadsheet with attached research notes
  • Photocopies of Texas Census data for 1858, photocopies, [undated]
  • Photocopy of counties against secession, [undated]
  • Ellison, Ronald C. "The Wig Party of Texas" Thesis. May [?] 1971. Photocopy.
  • Crews, Lithia. "The Know Nothing Party in Texas" Thesis. August, 1925. Photocopy.

1/04: "The Democrats and their Opposition"

  • Scott, Paul R. "The Democrats and their Opposition: a Statistical Analysis of Texas Elections, 1852-1861" Term Paper in History 689, Spring 1983

1/05: Methodology – Publications

  • Baum, Dale "'Noisy but not Numerous:' the Revolt of the Massachusetts Mugwamps." Print. Undated
  • Langbein, Laura I. and Lichtman, Allan J. (1978). "Ecological Inference." Sage Publications: Beverly Hills, London. Photocopy.

1/06: Program

  • Data program, spreadsheet

1/07: Miscellaneous References

  • Photocopy notes, articles, miscellaneous

1/08: 1855 County Election Returns Correspondence Notes

  • Correspondence notes to Dale Baum from Paul R. Scott over the 1855 [Texas] gubernatorial election, [undated]

1/09: Condescriptive for all Texas Counties

  • Data processing center calculations for Texas Counties [1855 Texas elections calculations?]

1/10: Condescriptive for Collapsed Cases

  • Data processing center calculations for collapsed cases [1855 Texas elections calculations?]

1/11: Condescriptive for Each Election

  • Data processing center calculations for each election [1855 Texas elections calculations?]

1/12: Data for Collapsed Counties

  • Notes, data records for [Texas?] counties, undated

McDaniel Family Papers

  • US TxAM-C 1292
  • Collection
  • 1855-1916

This collection contains personal letters of the McDaniel family from 1855-1916 along with civil war letters from Confederate soldiers. The letters originate from the McDaniel family in Texas and Mississippi during and after the civil war. Many of the items in the collection are fragile, and transcriptions were made of the letters. This collection also contains family recipes, remedies, along with stereoscopic view plates.

The McDaniel family spans across Georgia, Mississippi, Oklahoma, and Texas. Julius and Minerva (Rodgers) McDaniel were farmers who lived in Ben Hur, Texas during the 1800s.

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