E. B. Long Papers

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TxAM-CRS 157

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E. B. Long Papers


  • 1949-1981 (Creation)


37.00 Boxes

Name of creator

Biographical history

Everette Beach Long, one of America's foremost experts on the Civil War, was born 24 October 1919, in Whitehall, Wisconsin to Cecil Everettee and Florence (Beach) Long. He attended Miami University in Oxford, Ohio from 1937 to 1939 and Northwestern University from 1939 to 1941. In 1942, E. B. Long married Barbara Conzelman.

E. B. Long began his career working for the Chicago Bureau of the Associated Press for eight years and as an associate editor of American Peoples Encyclopedia. After this time, he decided to devote himself to historical research and teaching. "I got interested in the Civil War as a hobby," he explained. "Then it became an avocation, then a way of life."Long was the director of research for Doubleday's multi-volume Centennial History of the Civil War, written by Bruce Catton from 1955 to 1965. He was a member of the advisory council of the National Civil War Centennial Commission. Long was a member of the Chicago Civil War Round Table and served as its president from 1955 to 1956. He was a member of the Friends of the Chicago Public Library and was its president in 1960.

E. B. Long's list of honors and awards includes a D. Litt. from Lincoln College in 1961 and the Harry S. Truman award for Civil War scholarship in 1964. He received the Award of Merit from the Illinois Civil War Centennial Commission in 1963 and 1965, the Award of Commendation from the Oklahoma Civil War Centennial Commission in 1965, and the Centennial Medallion from the U. S. Civil War Centennial Commission in 1966.

The writings of E. B. Long include As Luck Would Have It co-written with Otto Eisenschiml and published by Bobbs in 1948, as well as The Civil War, A Picture Chronicle, Vol. 2, co-written with Ralph Newman and published by Grosset in 1956. He was the editor, with Ralph Newman, of The Civil War Digest which was published by Grosset in 1960, and a contributor to Lincoln for the Ages which was published in 1960 by Doubleday. E. B. Long was the editor and wrote the introduction to Personal Memoirs of U. S. Grant and History of the Civil War, 1861-1865, and wrote the introduction to The Post Reader of Civil War Stories. Long wrote the abridgement and the introduction to Stonewall Jackson and the American Civil War, by George F. R. Henderson, and the introduction to Four Years in Rebel Capitals, by Thomas Cooper De Leon. He was a member of the editorial advisory board of Civil War History, and of the bibliographical committee of Lincoln Lore. In 1971, Doubleday published The Civil War Day by Day, Long's chronology of the American Civil War.

In his research for Centennial History of the Civil War, Long compiled over nine million words of notes. Much of this material was obtained from original manuscripts, diaries, and records, and was gathered during trips throughout the country. He visited over 125 libraries, universities, and archives and traveled over 60 thousand miles. In 1966, Doubleday presented his research notes to the Library of Congress. He owned more than five thousand books, most of them about the Civil War or American History.

E. B. Long died on 31 March 1981 in Chicago, Illinois, the day after the publication of his last work, The Saints and the Union: The Utah Territory in the Civil War.

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Scope and content

This collection consists of personal correspondence, manuscripts by Long and others, articles, booklets, essays, clippings, photocopies, research notes, maps, brochures, and photographs. The papers reflect Long's successful career as a Civil War historian and are in very good condition for the most part.

While most of the materials in this collection are dated in the twentieth century, there are several original Civil War documents of the nineteenth century. Of further interest are the drafts of Allan Nevins's Ordeal of the Union, which were edited by E. B. Long, and the nine long index boxes of Long's research notes on the Civil War.

The papers have been divided into the following categories: personal correspondence, manuscripts by Long, manuscripts by others, general files covering a wide range of subjects, drafts of Allan Nevins' Ordeal of the Union, research notes on the Civil War, index card files of articles, and miscellaneous volumes of clippings. The correspondence is arranged both chronologically for general correspondence and alphabetically for correspondence with specific individuals, resulting in some overlapping of dates. Correspondents include Bruce Catton, the Civil War Round Table, Doubleday and Company, Allan Nevins, Lowell Reedinbaugh, and John Y. Simon. Other materials in the collection are arranged either chronologically or alphabetically depending on the nature of the information.

System of arrangement

This collection is organized into 7 series.

Series 1. Correspondence, 1949-1981.

Series 2. Manuscripts by E. B. Long, 1955-1978.

Series 3. Published Works by others, Feb. 1964-6 Nov. 1978.

Series 4. Historical Research Materials, 31 June 1961-1978.

Series 5. Photographs, undated.

Series 6. Drafts of Ordeal of the Union by Allan Nevins, 27 Nov. 1961-February 1980.

Series 7. Research Notes for The Centennial History of the Civil War by Bruce Catton, undated.

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Copyright is retained by the authors of items in these papers, or their descendants, as stipulated by United States copyright law.

Languages of the material

  • English

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Archivist's note

© Copyright 2019 Agronomy Road. All rights reserved.

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